Science Report 2015

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The Swiss Competence Centers for Energy Research have been established to ensure that the academic community work closely with industry to provide the required research advancement, develop innovative technologies and robust solutions, and ultimately ensure the future provision of electricity and energy to the Swiss country and the transition to a competitive carbon-free economy.

The specific targets of the SCCER-Supply of Electricity (SCCER-SoE) are geoenergy and hydropower, the two sources of band-electricity identified by the Energy Strategy 2015 to provide a substantial electricity contribution to enable the exit from nuclear electricity production, with the target of up to 7% electricity production from geothermal energy and a 10% increase of hydropower production.

The SCCER-SoE completed in 2015 its capacity building. About 240 scientists, engineers, researchers, doctoral students and professors are now associated to SCCER-SoE, working together in inter-disciplinary projects to realize the SCCER-SoE innovation roadmap.

The Annual Conference 2015, held on September 10-11 at the University of Neuchatel, aimed at providing a comprehensive view of the R&D conducted by SCCER-SoE and its associated projects, and to confront the scientific agenda with the needs and views of stakeholders from industry, public institutions, federal offices and policy makers.

120 posters were presented and discussed at the Annual Conference, covering all aspects of the scientific portfolio of SCCER-SoE. These posters are collected on this website and presented according to the tasks to which they are associated.

The Annual Conference shows a vibrant and integrated scientific community, and the scientific level of the presentations proves that we are on the good way to develop and complete our scientific roadmap.

Click here to read the summary of the roadmap for deep geothermal energy in Switzerland.

Current Projects (click here for download)

Deep saline aquifers as reservoirs for geothermal energy and CO2-sequestration

Muschelkalk aquifer in the Swiss Molasse Basin: properties relevant to geothermal energy and gas storage
L. Aschwanden, A. Adams, L. W. Diamond, M. Mazurek

Structural Characterization of the Greater Geneva Basin for Geothermal Ressources Assessment
N. Clerc, A. Moscariello, P. Renard

Quantitative petrography workflow for reservoir rock characterization
B. Segvic, C. A. González, G. Zanoni, A. Moscariello

Rock typing of deep geothermal reservoirs in the Greater Geneva Basin
E. Rusillon, A. Moscariello

Petrography of a potential CO2 seal in the Lower Jurassic in the southwestern Molasse Basin
D. Couto, B. Šegvić, A. Moscariello

Geological data management: an essential tool to manage subsurface resources
M. Brentini, A. Moscariello

Reactive transport modelling of 3 geothermal systems located in Switzerland, Germany and Mexico
C. Wanner, L. Peiffer, F. Eichinger, K. Bucher, P. A. E. Pogge von Strandmann, H. Niklaus Waber, L. W. Diamond

Fractured crystalline rocks as reservoirs for geothermal energy

Accessible analogues of fault-hosted geothermal energy systems: hydrothermal breccia (Grimsel, CH)
D. Egli, M. Herwegh, A. Berger, L. Diamond, K. Holliger, L. Baron, T. Zahner, C. Madonna, Q. Wenning

Structurally controlled hydrothermal pathways at Grimsel Pass, Aar Massif.
T. Belgrano, M. Herwegh, A. Berger

Fault anatomy, porosity and pore connectivity: the La Sarraz fault system
N. Schmitt, J. Mosar, S. A. Miller, B. Valley

Deep Geothermal Well Optimization Workflow
B. Valley, F. Ladner, P. Brunner, S. A. Miller

Geophysical exploration for deep geoenergy reservoirs

Seismic energy dissipation in response to wave-induced fluid flow in a cracked glass sample
C. Mallet, E. Caspari, B. Quintal, K. Holliger

The application of crosswell electromagnetics and magnetotellurics to geothermal exploration
F. Samrock, N. Shah, M. O. Saar

Detecting induced seismicity on various scales: Monitoring the Grimsel injections
V. Gischig, J. Doetsch, T. Kraft, H. Maurer, S. Wiemer


Research Partners

Workers active in the current phase of the task activities belong to the following research groups within Switzerland:

  • University of Bern, Institute of Geological Sciences:

Rock-Water Interaction Group (Prof. Larryn Diamond)

Structural Geology Group (Prof. Marco Herwegh)

  • University of Geneva, Section of Earth and Environmental Sciences:

Reservoir Geology & Basin Analysis Group (Prof. Andrea Moscariello)

  • University of Lausanne, Institute of Earth Sciences:

Applied Geophysics Group (Prof. Klaus Holliger)

  • University of Neuchâtel, Centre for Hydrology and Geothermics:

Geothermics Group (Prof. Benoît Valley)

  • ETH Zurich, Geological Institute:

Rock Deformation Laboratory (Prof. Jean-Pierre Burg)

  • University of Fribourg, Unit of Earth Sciences:

Tectonics Group (Prof. Jon Mosar)

Sedimentology Group (Prof. Anneleen Foubert)

Collaboration is underway with other researchers at:

  • HydroIsotop GmbH, Germany
  • Uni Freiburg, Germany
  • National University of Mexico
  • University College London

Collaborations with industry partners include:

  • GeoEnergie Suisse
  • Axpo | neue Energien (now defunct)
  • Corporation for Swiss Petroleum SEAG
  • SIG
  • Nagra


Task Objectives

With respect to geothermal energy production and geological storage of CO2 in Switzerland, the task has the following general goals:

  • Characterize potential reservoirs
  • Refine estimates of exploitation potential
  • Provide science-based guidelines for exploration companies
  • Develop geological models and geophysical exploration techniques to reduce risk of exploration failure

In addition, the task will

  • provide Swiss-specific reservoir data to Task 1.2 (Reservoir modelling)
  • provide acquired data to Task 4.3 (Swisstopo public archive)


 Interaction Between the Partners – Synthesis

  • Numerous workshops have been held between partners in the NRP70 projects and the Geothermie2020 consortium
  • Meetings of Task 1.1 members have been held with those of the closely associated Tasks 1.2 and 1.4
  • A conference session entitled "Geothermal Energy, CO2 sequestration and shale gas" has been convened by SCCER-SoE members at the upcoming 13th Swiss Geoscience Meeting in Basel and it has attracted 38 scientific presentations.


Highlights 2015

  • NRP70-Swisstopo-BFE-funded research drillhole on Grimsel Pass had been cored to 250 m depth to permit characterization of a geothermally active fault system in crystalline rocks (Belgrano et al. and Egli et al.). The drillhole is now being used to test geophysical exploration techniques.
  • NRP70-funded research has shown that matrix porosities and permeabilities of the regional Muschelkalk aquifer depend strongly on burial depth (Aschwanden et al.)
  • Geothermie2020/SCCER-SoE research has shown that reef carbonates in the Malm aquifer within the greater Geneva Basin have promisingly high porosities and permeabilities (Clerc et al).

Research Partners

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich (ETHZ), École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), University of Neuchâtel, University of Bern, Università della Svizzera Italiana, Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), University of Applied Sciences Rapperswil (HSR), Swiss Seismological Service (SED)


Current Projects (click here for download)

Hydraulic stimulation (collaboration with tasks 1.3 and 4.3)

Numerical Modeling of Fluid Injection Induced Shear Failure In Fractured Reservoirs
R. Deb, P. Jenny

High Performance Computing of Evolving Fracture Networks
B. Galvan, G. Jansen, S. A. Miller

Modern techniques in high performance computing for modeling the stimulation process of deep geothermal systems
G. Jansen, B. Galvan, S. A. Miller

Hydro-Mechanical Coupling in Heterogeneous Fractures
D. Vogler, F. Amann, P. Bayer

A coupled fluid flow–seismicity model for real-time assessment of induced seismic hazard and reservoir creation
V. Gischig, J. Doetsch, S. Wiemer

Long-term reservoir operation and optimization (collaboration with task 1.1 and 4.3)

Numerical simulations of fluid-rock interaction in enhanced geothermal and CO2 injection systems - implications for the utilization of deep reservoirs in Switzerland
P. Alt-Epping, L. W. Diamond

Numerical modeling of highly fractured media for Enhanced Geothermal Systems
J. Patterson

Geochemical effects on long-term permeability evolution and heat extraction
J. Mindel, T. Driesner

Impact of liquid and supercritical CO2 injection on host rock properties
R. Makhnenko, D. Mylnikov, L. Laloui

Mixed electrolyte solutions in geothermal systems: experimental and molecular dynamics insights
D. Zezin, T. Driesner

 Exploration & Reservoir characterization

Numerical upscaling of seismic characteristics of fractured porous media
E. Caspari, M. Milani, J. G. Rubino, T. M. Müller, B. Quintal, K. Holliger

Fault detection method to anticipate felt induced seismicity in geothermal and geologic carbon storage projects
V. Vilarrasa, G. Bustarret, L. Laloui

International collaborations on integrated geothermal systems characterization (COTHERM = SNF Sinergia project, ETHZ, PSI, University of Iceland)

Geologic controls on supercritical fluid resources above magmatic intrusions
S. Scott, T. Driesner, P. Weis

Fluid-Rock Interactions in Icelandic Hydrothermal Systems
B. Thien, G. Kosakowski, D. Kulik

Seismic Response to Fluid Effects in Fractured Geothermal Reservoirs
M. Grab, H. Maurer, S. Greenhalgh


Task Objectives

Task 1.2 focuses on reservoir modelling to address fundamental challenges in DGE:

  • DGE roadmap workshops showed that our limited understanding of the fundamentals of hydro-mechanical processes during hydraulic stimulation is the biggest knowledge gap towards routinely engineering heat exchangers at depth. Task 1.2 works towards development of novel simulation codes that allow rigorous simulation and in-depth analysis of coupled hydro-mechanical processes
  • The understanding of the long-term evolution and efficiency of reservoirs during operation is heavily underdeveloped due to a lack of projects that generated practical experience (e.g., how efficiently and sustainably can heat be produced from fractured reservoirs). Task 1.2 predicts and quantifies the long-term behaviour of deep geothermal and CO2 reservoirs
  • Reservoir exploration and characterization requires interplay between field-based measurements and interpretation of results by numerical methods. Task 1.2, in close collaboration with Task 1.3 (see also poster there), works towards integration of these two approaches. This includes experimental work on different scales.

A number of partners is involved in international collaborations with “established” geothermal countries (US, Iceland, New Zealand) to test and optimize methods and to gain experience in applying them to actual, operating systems.


Interaction Between the Partners – Synthesis

  • Two workshops in 2015 (May 12: Task 1.2 workshop at EPFL; May 4: Joint workshop of Tasks 1.2 and 4.3 at USI)
  • NRP70 collaboration between ETHZ, UNiNE and USI: regular interactions and meetings
  • Various interactions on meetings, workshops etc. held by related projects (GEOTHERM-2, NRP70, COTHERM)
  • Mutual direct involvement of staff of different partners in various projects and across tasks (e.g., NRP70 project that involves UniBE, UniL, ETHZ and links across tasks 1.1 and 1.2; NRP70 project that involves ETHZ, UniNE, USI and links tasks 1.2 & 4.3, GEOTHERM-2 involves and links across tasks ETHZ, PSI, EPFL, UniBE, UniNE)
  • Numerous bilateral and trilateral discussions regarding new simulation code developments


Highlights 2015

  • First numerical simulations of supercritical geothermal reservoirs, published in Nature Communications (Sam Scott et al., ETHZ; open access: doi:10.1038/ncomms8837); this is an outcome of the international collaboration with Iceland within the COTHERM project (SNF Sinergia) that acts under the umbrellas of IPGT (International Partnership for Geothermal Technology)
  • Victor Vilarrasa (EPFL) was awarded the Alfons Bayó Award to Young Researchers by the International Association of Hydrogeologists – Spanish Group
  • Novel approaches to simulate fluid injection-induced shear failure in fractured reservoirs working in 2D (see poster by Deb&Jenny, ETHZ)
  • Numerical methods for upscaling of seismic characteristics of fractured porous media, which may become an essential tool for Task 1.1 (see poster by Caspari et al.)
  • Experimental evaluation (complemented by simulations) of hydromechanical couplings during shear on rough fractures (see poster by Vogler et al.)
  • Prototype of 3D reactive transport code for modelling long-term permeability evolution and heat extraction in realistic fracture network representations nearly completed (see poster by Mindel et al.)

Research Partners

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich (ETHZ), Alstom, Geo-Energie Suisse AG, National Cooperative for the Disposal of Radioactive Waste (Nagra)


Current Projects (click here for download)

Geophysical imaging and characterization of the Deep Underground Geothermal Laboratory (DUG Lab) at the Grimsel TestSite
J. Doetsch, V. Gischig, H. Maurer

Georadar Imaging of Shear Zones at the Grimsel Test Site
N. Laaksonlaita, J. Doetsch, H. Maurer

A Numerical Study on the Hydro-Mechanical Behavior of Conductive Fractures in the Deep Underground Rock Laboratory at the Grimsel Test Site
M. Jalali

Understanding of key physical and chemical processes during geologic CO2 sequestration in saline aquifers
X. Kong, M. O. Saar


Task Objectives

Experiments in a deep underground laboratory: In order to better understand the physical processes associated with geothermal reservoir creation appropriate experiments will be devised in the "Deep Underground Geothermal (DUG)" laboratory near Grimsel Pass (Grimsel Test Site). The first comprehensive experiment is called "Insitu Stimulation and Circulation (ISC)". The primary goal is to improve our understanding of geomechanical processes underpinning permeability creation during hydraulic stimulation and related induced seismicity as well as to evaluate the efficiency of the generated underground heat exchanger.

Geo-Energie Suisse AG received the approval for its deep geothermal energy project in Haute-Sorne (Canton of Jura). Drilling will start in late 2017 and the stimulation phase to create a deep reservoir is expected in 2018. Following its roadmap, the SCCER-SoE will be closely associated to the Haute-Sorne project and will support it with simulations, modelling expertise, stress analyses, and methodologies validated in the deep underground lab at the Grimsel Test Site.

Revisit the roadmap for CO2 geological sequestration in 2015 and design a first Swiss pilot project for geological sequestration of CO2.


Interaction between the institutes

The core team of the ISC experiment is composed by six senior researchers from different disciplines, sitting together in the same room and supported by a group of professors and PhD students from different institutes.



Activities within the experiment “in-situ stimulation and circulation” at Grimsel test site are running ahead of schedule. The first holes are drilled and the first small stimulation experiment has been performed. The activities are in schedule leading to the stimulation test in spring next year; this will be the largest and best-monitored fault stimulation experiment carried out worldwide to date.

Activities have been started to define a common pilot and demonstration experiment for the carbon sequestration in the underground.

Research Partners

Federal Office of Topography (swisstopo), University of Bern, University of Geneva


Task Objectives

A wide variety of 3D subsurface data must be compiled to quantify the potential for geothermal energy production and CO2 storage within Switzerland, and to guide exploration and efficient exploitation. Moreover, the subsurface data need to be linked to diverse 2D surface information on groundwater protection, land use, conflicting resources, etc., to facilitate planning, licensing and monitoring. The objective of this task is to incorporate new subsurface data produced in WP1 into a digital archive in a sustainable form that is permanently accessible to institutions and industry, and that allows for modern 3D imaging and data-mining.

During the 2013-2016 project period the Swiss Geological Survey of swisstopo will continue building its Geological Information and Production System (GIPS). This will involve: developing recommendations and standards for structuring, storing and exchanging borehole data and seismic lines; digitizing existing analog maps, sections and other analog information; feeding new subsurface data from WP1 into geospatial databases; reinterpreting existing seismic lines to expand resolution of the Swiss Geophysical Atlas; constructing web-services that allow full interoperability of 3D geological information as well as visualization of 2D data and 3D models via web portal; integrating geological information of various kinds into the national spatial data infrastructure (NSDI); expanding computer storage capacity at swisstopo.

In 2015, a 1st generation 3D model (1:200’000) of the Swiss Molasse Basin based on the Seismic Atlas of the Swiss Molasse Basin (Sommaruga et al 2012) was completed. A higher resolution model (1:50’000), with increased detail in the shallow subsurface, improved fault modelling,  additional 2D seismic interpretations and updated time-to-depth conversion will be finalized in 2016.

A professionally managed, web-based platform for the sustainable storage and exchange of geological data and models among SCCER partners, industry and institutions will be delivered, and the work will be integrated with the InterReg project GeoMol, presently conducted by swisstopo in collaboration with the geological surveys in neighboring countries.


Current Project (click here for download)

Geology Data Model Suite – Harmonising Geological Data in Switzerland
H. Brodhag, N. Oesterling, R. Baumberger


Click here to read the summary of the roadmap for hydropower in Switzerland.

Research Partners

Swiss National Institute of Forest, Snow and Landscape Research (WSL), Center for Climate Systems Modeling (C2SM) at ETH Zurich, Chair of Hydrology and Water Resources Management (HWRM) at ETH Zurich, Laboratory of Hydraulics, Hydrology and Glaciology (VAW) at ETH Zurich, Laboratory of Hydraulic Constructions (LCH) at EPF Lausanne, School of Architecture, Civil and Environmental Engineering (ENAC) at EPF Lausanne


Current Projects (click here for download)

Sediment transport measurement system Albula – Solis
D. Rickenmann, G. Antoniazza

HEPS4Power: Extended-range Hydromet. Ensemble Predict.
K. Bogner, S. Monhart, M. Liniger, C. Spririg, F. Jordan, M. Stähli, M. Zappa

Decadal hydro-glaciological forecasts for the Swiss HP sector
D. Farinotti, S. Gindraux, M. Huss, A. Pistocchi, C. Ginzler, R. Bösch

Mapping of alpine glaciers using helicopter-borne radar
L. Rabenstein, L. Langhammer, H. Maurer, A. Bauder, M. Funk, P. Lathion

Generation of very high-resolution climate scenarios for HP projection
N. Peleg, S. Fatichi, P. Burlando, S. Kotlarski, I. Bey

Water balance of Alpine ski resorts
T. Grünewald, F. Wolfsperger, H. Rhyner, M. Lehning

Potential for future hydropower plants in Switzerland
I. Delaney, D. Ehrbar

Projecting hydropower production under future climates: a review
B. Schaefli

Development of a methodology for extreme flood estimations
F. Zeimetz, J. Garcìa Hernàndez, F. Jordan, G. Artigue, J.-A. Hertig, J.-M. Fallot, R. Receanu, A. J. Schleiss

Importance of glaciers for CH hydropower
B. Schaefli, M. Oliva-Rodriguez, P. Manso, A. J. Schleiss


Task Objectives

To significantly reduce uncertainties of the “natural boundary conditions” and, by that, provide a more secure basis to hydropower industry to decide on long-term investments.


Interaction Between the Partners – Synthesis

  • Semi-annual meetings: one in January and one in August 2015, at ETH Zürich
  • Update of long-term perspectives for water resources / sediment supply (Synthesis report): planned for 2017 / 2018 (together with the next generation of Swiss climate change scenarios); based on specific products / models from all partners / sub-projects.
  • Specific input to the integrative model of task 2.5: provided by all partners / sub-projects.


Highlights 2015

  • New sediment transport measurement system: Sediment supply to hydropower intakes and reservoirs is a serious problem, and good data about it is rare. In March 2015, WSL installed a new measurement system in the Albula river at Tiefencastel. It has been put into operation and will be used for the sediment management of the hydropower dam Solis.
  • New airborne radar system for glacier mapping: In April 2015, a new and improved helicopter ice penetrating radar system was successfully tested by VAW-ETHZ to determine the thickness of glacier ice. The overall goal of the glacier inventory project is to create a Swiss wide map of the relief of the Alps without glaciers respectively of glacier thicknesses.

Research Partners

Swiss National Institute of Forest, Snow and Landscape Research (WSL), Research Center for Sustainable Energy and Water Supply (FoNEW) at the University of Basel, Institute for Environmental Sciences (ISE) at the University of Geneva, University of Applied Sciences (HTW Chur), University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland (HES-SO)


Task Objectives

Within the Energy Strategy 2050 hydropower is envisioned to increase production (which includes the need for retrofitting older hydropower plants), is supposed to provide the needed flexibility to accommodate large shares of renewable energy generation, and plays an important role in regional economies and developments (especially in mountain cantons). Understanding the impact of current and future market and policy conditions will be crucial for the development of the Swiss hydro system.

The socio-economic boundary conditions and their impact on the Swiss hydro system will be analyzed in cooperation with associated research partners from the SCCER CREST and the SCCER-FURIES developing evaluations of the Swiss transmission system. They will provide assessments of the future development of liberalized electricity markets with a high share of intermittent generation based on bottom-up market models.


Current Project Report (click here for download)

The Future of Swiss Hydropower – A Review on Drivers and Uncertainties
M. Barry, P. Baur, L. Gaudard, G. Giuliani, W. Hediger, F. Romerio, M. Schillinger, R. Schumann, G. Voegeli, H. Weigt

Research Partners

Laboratory of Hydraulic Constructions (LCH) at EPFL, Laboratory of Hydraulics, Hydrology and Glaciology (VAW) at ETH Zurich, Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts (HSLU)


Current Projects (click here for download)

The ongoing research projects have been presented as posters during the Annual Conference, as per the list hereafter. The link with the 10-years Hydropower roadmap is presented below in Figure 1 (see numbering after the title).

Design optimization of alpine desanding facilities (1)
C. Paschmann, J. N. S. Fernandes, D. Vetsch, R. Boes

HydroGIS, a tool for Swiss hydropower asset management and implementation of the Energy Strategy 2050 (2)
M. del Mar, O. Rodriguez, P. Manso, B. Schaefli, A. Schleiss, M. Balmer

Influence of geometrical imperfections and flaws in welds on the design of steel liners of pressure tunnels and shafts considering rock anisotropy (3)
A. J. Pachoud, P. Manso, A. J. Schleiss

Experimental analysis of fluid-structure interaction and pipe-wall rheological behavior during hydraulic transients (4)
D. Ferras, P. Manso, A. J. Schleiss, D. I.C. Covas

Hydroabrasive-resistant materials at sediment bypass tunnels (5)
M. Hagmann, I. Albayrak, R. Boes

Dam Break Analysis under Uncertainty (6)
S.J. Peter, R. M. Boes, A. Siviglia

Flood forecasting initialization enhancement (7)
K. Cros, G. Artigue, F. Jordan, A. Schleiss

Sustainable management of reservoirs through turbidity currents venting (8)
S. Chamoun, G. De Cesare, A. Schleiss

Overtopping of Impulse Waves (9)
J. Kobel

Kraftwerksausbau unter Berücksichtigung des Wasserfallbilds am Diesbach (10)
F. Arnold

Flow duration curves for water resources quantification in Alpine environments (11)
A.C. Santos, B. Schaefli, P. Manso, M. M. Portela, A. Rinaldo, A. Schleiss

Dam Break Analysis under Uncertainty (12)
S. Peter

Restoration of the natural morphological conditions downstream of dams by means of artificial sediment replenishment (13)
E. Battisacco, M. J. Franca, A. J. Schleiss

Evaluation du potentiel hydroélectrique des eaux usées en Suisse (14)
C. Bousquet, I. Samora, P. Manso, L. Rossi, P. Heller, A. Schleiss

L’aménagement de Trift (15)
C. Frutiger, S. Terrier, P. Manso, A. Schleiss

Réaménagement Etzelwerk (CFF) - Concepts d'aménagement innovateurs du point de vue énergie et protection contre les crues (16)
G. Kayser, F. Zeimetz, P. Manso, A. Schleiss

Hydropower Design under Uncertainties (17)
F. Oberrauch, P. Manso, A. Schleiss

Characterisation of hydraulic behaviour of surge tanks orifices (18)
N. J. Adam, G. De Cesare, A, Schleiss

Numerical modelling of fine sediments stirring at the new Trift reservoir (1)
A. Amini, P. Manso, G. De Cesare, J. Jenzer-Althaus, A. J. Schleiss


Task Objectives

This task focus on

  • investigating the infrastructural adaptation of existing hydropower systems to cope with more flexible operation and with increased erosion and sediment transport and to maintain the required level of safety under harsher operational conditions or under storage increase
  • identifying possible improvement margins through combined design of infrastructure, devices, and operation
  • exploring the potential of lakes that can form following the retreat of glaciers


Interaction Between the Partners – Synthesis

The three research institutes involved in this task jointly participate in the CTI research proposal STODEV (see details below).

The ETHZ-VAW organized the first-ever Workshop on Sediment By-pass Tunnels, an original solution for sediment management on dam reservoirs, with the collaboration of EPFL-LCH in the international scientific and review committee.

Research activities lead by the three partners jointly or independently are, almost inherently, multidisciplinary and in connection with other SCCER-SoE tasks given the specific content of this task 2.3 on infrastructure, which make use of given resources (task 2.1), in a given economical context (task 2.2), within environmental restrictions (task 2.4) for operation (task 2.5) with given equipment solutions (task 3.2).


Highlights 2015

  • A research funding proposal has been submitted to the CTI entitled “STODEV - Sustainable hydropower storage development in a changing environment: innovation as means to secure and expand operation and competitiveness of KWO‘s complex system.” comprising research from six institutions (EPFL, ETHZ, HES-SO, EAWAG, WSL and HSLU) together with Kraftwerke Oberhasli.
  • A cycle of conferences is being held at EPFL on hydropower related issues, consisting of twelve presentations in total, at a monthly frequency, with an average attendance of 50 participants per event, gathering private sector, public authorities and academia.
  • A 3-day workshop was organized at EPFL on September 9-11, in collaboration with the Swiss Committee on Dams (CSB / STK), entitled 13th ICOLD Benchmark Workshop on the Numerical Analysis of Dams ( The main focus was on dam safety against earthquakes considering recent directives. Over eighty participants follow two full days of sessions and one day field trip to two landmark dams which have recently undergone heightening or strengthening.

hydropower storage development


Research Partners

Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG), Applied Hydroeconomics and Alpine Environmental Dynamics (AHEAD) at EPFL, Chair of Hydrology and Water Resources Management (HWRM) at ETH Zurich, Laboratory of Hydraulics, Hydrology and Glaciology (VAW) at ETH Zurich, Institute of Earth Surface Dynamics (Idyst) at University of Lausanne


Current Projects (click here for download)

Optimizing environmental flow releases under future hydropower operation (HydroEnv)

C. Gabbud, R. Pellicanò, A. Niayifar, P. Chanut

Ecohydrology of Macroinvertebrate Metacommunity Assembly in a Regulated Floodplain
P. Chanut, C. Robinson, P. Molnar

Trade-offs Between Electricity Production from Small Hydropower Plants and Ecosystem Services in Alpine River Networks
P. Meier, K. Lange, R. Schwemmle, D. Viviroli

Sustainable Floodplain Management and Hydropower
A.J. Schleiss, M. Schaepman, M. Döring, C. Robinson

Trading-off among multiple objectives: energy production from small hydropower plants, biodiversity and ecosystem services, K. Lange, P. Meier, C. Trautwein, U. Kobler, M. Schmid, C. Robinson, C. Weber, J. Brodersen

Local-scale impacts of small hydropower plants on ecosystem functioning
K. Lange, S. Di Michelangeli, Y. Kahlert, J. Hellmann, C. Trautwein, C. Weber, J. Brodersen

Effect of a pumped-storage operation on hydrodynamics and water quality of the two linked lakes
U. Kobler

Improving the global efficiency of small hydropower
S. Tron, L. Gorla, P. Razurel, A. Niayifar, P. Perona


Task Objectives

In view of climate change and energy market dynamics, this task addresses the response of aquatic ecosystems to future streamflow alterations resulting from

  • modified hydropower operating conditions and improved flexibility
  • the increasing development of small hydropower plants (SHPPs), by means of which the Energy Strategy 2050 aims at an additional power generation of 1 to 2 TWh·yr-1.

A better understanding of the ecological effects following operational and infrastructural measures will allow to develop improved environmental impact strategies for a given power production. In particular, this will be achieved by

  • optimizing the spatial distribution of power production in a network of HPPs and SHPPs at the catchment scale
  • developing new criteria for environmental flows, which minimize negative environmental impacts by mimicking natural flow dynamics, while maintaining or increasing hydropower production.


Interaction Between the Partners – Synthesis

The five research institutes involved in this project jointly developed the NRP70 project proposal HydroEnv (Gabbud et al.).


Highlights 2015

  • It has been theoretically shown that the current minimum environmental flow regulations are not optimal for both hydropower production and the environment at the same time (Tron et al.).
  • A new research project has been initiated to further evaluate possibilities to optimize environmental flow releases (Gabbud et al.).
  • A literature review has shown that the environmental impacts of small hydropower plants (SHPs) are poorly known, especially the effects of multiple SHPs on ecological and evolutionary processes at the network scale, and that there is a need to develop new management tools to consider these network-scale impacts (Lange et al.).
  • Preliminary simulations indicate that the optimal positioning of SHPs in a river network may be different if the network perspective is considered in the assessment (Meier et al.).
  • Preliminary results from a reach-scale field study indicate that fish are affected by SHP through changes in their respective food resources (Lange et al.).
  • A new project has been started, which aims at evaluating the status of floodplains affected by hydropower operations and the development of suitable management actions and restoration measures at the floodplain scale (Schleiss et al.).



Research Partners

Chair of Hydrology and Water Resources Management (HWRM) at ETH Zurich, Swiss National Institute of Forest, Snow and Landscape Research (WSL), Kraftwerke Mattmark AG (KWM), Axpo, Officine Idroelettriche della Maggia SA (Ofima)


Current Projects (click here for download)

Design of hydropower systems operation under current and future energy market conditions
D. Anghileri, I. Schlecht, A. Castelletti, H. Weigt, P. Burlando

Impacts of climate change on hydrology and operation of Mattmark reservoir under business-as-usual production targets
D. Anghileri, N. Peleg, A. Castelletti, P. Burlando


Task Objectives

The purpose of Task 2.5 is to develop an advanced modelling framework for the integrated and continuous simulation of hydrological regimes and the operation of hydropower systems. The model allows accounting for climate change scenarios, the corresponding altered streamflow regimes, different energy market conditions (e.g., energy demand and price, increased production by solar and wind powerplants), as well as new boundary conditions for operation (e.g., aquatic ecosystem conservation) and technical solutions (e.g., dam crest heightening or installation of more flexible machines). The modelling framework allows a quantitative assessment of current and future hydropower reservoir operation strategies in terms of energy production and revenue, integration with other power sources, and effects on natural water bodies and ecosystems. The specific objectives are:

  • assess impacts of climate change on available water resources at existing and planned HP systems, on their extremes (low and high flows), on floods and sediment transport and, more in general, on any element of change that can affect the hydropower production potential;
  • assess the energy production increase achievable by current reservoir operating strategies or ad hoc designed to account for technical improvements and/or adaptations of the hydropower systems to future hydro-climatic and socio-economic forcing;
  • analyse the effects of increasingly volatile demand and market conditions (as induced, for instance, by production from other renewable energies) on the production potential and to design more flexible and robust hydropower system operation strategies.


Interaction Between the Partners – Synthesis

Several collaboration has been established with other research partners within the context of the SCCER and other related projects. This represents the first steps towards the integration of the results achieved by different WP2 tasks and activities into a common modelling framework. A strong connection has been built with some industrial partners thanks to periodical meetings, which have the scope of updating the stakeholders of the work results and to include their feedbacks into the research activities, thus collaborating together to shared solutions in view of the energy strategy 2050.

In particular, we are working in collaboration with Task 2.1 to extend our research spatially distributed hydrological model to include a more detailed representation of the glacierised areas. Moreover, we are going to use the high-resolution climate change scenarios developed in Task 2.1 to simulate the effect on hydrological regimes and hydropower system operation across the investigated river basins. The main partners of these activities are:
ETH Zurich (Hydrology and Water Resources Management), ETH Zurich (Laboratory of Hydraulics, Hydrology and Glaciology), Center for Climate Systems Modeling (C2SM), and Kraftwerke Mattmark AG / Axpo Power AG.

Further we are working in collaboration with Task 2.2 to assess the impact of different market scenarios on future hydropower operation. We are combining multi-objective optimization techniques and a Swiss electricity market model to design different reservoir operating policies to assess which reservoir operating strategies can lead to maximisation of production to support the 2050 energy strategy. The main partners of these activities are:
 ETH Zurich (Hydrology and Water Resources Management), Uni Basel (Research Center for Sustainable Energy and Water Management), and Kraftwerke Mattmark AG / Axpo Power AG.

We have established a collaboration with OFIMA to assess future operating strategies also including the effect of different reservoir operating policies on the ecology of downstream river corridors. This activity links to Task 2.4 and to the NRP 70 funded project “HydroEnv”, the purpose of which is to identify key environmental indicators and environmental flow policies to be included in the integrated model as performance metrics to evaluate future hydropower system operation from the ecological point of view.

Finally, we plan to partner with Swiss National Institute of Forest, Snow and Landscape Research (WSL) to develop ensemble streamflow forecasts and explore by means of the integrated model how multi-model forecast uncertainty affects streamflow real-time predictions and their use in hydropower reservoir operation.


Highlights 2015

Several master theses have been conducted to test and develop the modelling framework and produce some preliminary results on two study sites. The students involved come from ETH Zurich as well as from other European universities.

The activities on Task 2.5 were presented in two international conferences thanks to two oral contributions:

  • Operation of hydropower generation systems in the Alps under future climate and socio-economic drivers. European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2015 - Vienna (Austria)
  • The role of hydropower operation to contribute to the future electricity supply of Switzerland: aim and experience of the Swiss Competence Center on Energy Research - Supply of Electricity (SCCER-SoE). EWRI (World Environmental and Water Resources Congress) - Austin, Texas (U.S.A.)

In the actual phase from 2014-2016, SCCER-SoE has identified a number of technologies for early development, some for GeoEnergies (Task 3.1) and some for HydroPower (Task 3.2). Each selected technology development will be conducted by one or more SCCER-SoE partner in collaboration, where appropriate, with one or more industry partners. Such collaborations will be formalized and supported with dedicated KTI applications.

Some of these technologies are already under development, and the SCCER-SoE will allow to focus and speed development, others are innovative and need a full feasibility analysis.

Research Partners

Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering (D-MAVT) at ETHZ, Institute for Building Materials (IfB) at ETHZ, Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts, University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland (HES-SO), Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines (LMH) at EPFL


Current Projects (click here for download)

Affordable access to deep heat reservoirs: Flame-jet drilling
T. Meier, R. von Rohr

Numerical research on hydrothermal spallation drilling
F. Song, T. Meier, M. Schuler, R. von Rohr

Process conditions required for flame-jet drilling
D. Brkic, T. Meier, M. Kant, R. von Rohr

Investigation of the boundary conditions and process mechanisms of spallation drilling
A. Hobé, C. Madonna, M. Kant, J. P. Burg, R. von Rohr

Impact of polymers in oil-well cementing for geothermal wells
M. Palacios, R. K. Mishra, D. Sanz-Pont, R. J. Flatt

Tailor-Made Steels as Self-Protecting Corrosion Resistant Materials for Deep Geothermal Energy
A. Vallejo, U. Angst, B. Elsener

Detecting water through electric impedance measurements
G. Emery, G. Ganchinho, J. Moerschell

Deep Borehole Seismometer
J. Moerschell, C. Praplan, C. Cachelin, Y. Ravedoni

Development of numerical tools for heat transfer computations
D. Roos, L. Hanimann, L. Mangani, E. Casartelli

Analytical solution of the power production of a deep coaxial heat exchanger
R. Schnellman, P. Hardegger, H.R. Schneider


Task Objectives

Five research groups are active in solving important technological problems in the application of geothermal energy. Without these technologies geothermal energy would not become economically competitive.

  • Innovative drilling technologies: highly important to reduce the so far excessively high costs for drilling the deep wells
  • Cementitious grouts for bore holes in geothermal wells: concrete has to be pumped for up to 5 km down and should remain fluid, so cement hydration must be delayed
  • Heat Exchangers for geothermal applications: the efficiency of heat exchangers will determine economic feasability
  • Sensors for harsh environments: the main risk is that earth-quakes will be initiated, the sensors are very sensitive and monitor seismic activities during the drilling process.
  • Long term durable materials for geothermal plants: long term operation of geothermal plants require durable materials without excessively high costs.


Interaction Between the Partners – Synthesis

As the task group works on very different objectives, the research institutes exchange results in meetings at least two times a year. They have bilateral collaborations.


Highlights 2015

  • A new sensor concept for seismometers based on magnetic suspension of an inertial spherical mass is developed and validated; it is now on the prototype level. New is that the force feedback loops of the system are implemented digitally (Moerschell).
  • Flame jet drilling is possible in lab-scale experiment. By increasing the compressing force on the rock sample, drilling is significantly improved.
  • Numerical simulations can improve the understanding of the hydrothermal spallation drilling, provide more details than experiments (such as the temperature distribution in the whole field, velocity distribution, and also the effect of different structures), which will be helpful for designing and optimizing of the process.
  • Combining conventional drilling technology with thermal spallation (flame jet drilling) could be a promising approach as about 3 – 4 times higher drilling velocities could be obtained (von Rohr).
  • Hydration behavior of cements at high temperatures, especially the delay of initiation, could be rationalized by a physico-chemical model and experiments (Flatt).
  • An high-temperature / high-pressure autoclave to study durability of metallic and inorganic materials in the geothermal brines is in the planning stage (Elsener)


Research Partners

University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland (HES-SO), École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Insitute for Computational Sience (ICS) at UZH


Current Projects (click here for download)

Understanding the unstable off-design operation of Francis turbines for a large scale integration of renewables
A. Müller, C. Landry, A. Favrel, K. Yamamoto, F. Avellan

Prediction of Francis turbine pressure fluctuations through hydro-acoustic modelling of a reduced scale physical model
A. Müller, C. Landry, A. Favrel, K. Yamamoto, F. Avellan

Stability analysis and optimal control of a Francis turbine vortex rope
S. Pasche, F. Gallaire, F. Avellan

Effects of suspended sediment on turbine wear and efficiency
D. Felix, I. Albayrak, R. Boes

GPU-SPHEROS - Massively Parallel Finite Volume Particle Method Solver
E. Jahanbakhsh, A. Maertens, S. Leguizamon, S. Alimirzazadeh, F. Avellan

GPU-SPHEROS - Enhanced Material Modeling for Silt Erosion Simulations
E. Jahanbakhsh, A. Maertens, S. Leguizamon, S. Alimirzazadeh, F. Avellan

DuoTurbo :Providing Industrial and Competitive Family of Low-CAPEX energy recovery stations
L. Andolfatto, C. Münch-Alligné, F. Avellan

Concept & hydraulic design of a counter-rotating micro-turbine
D. Biner, F. Avellan, C. Münch-Alligné

Experimental investigation of the velocity field in a counter rotating micro-turbine
E. Vagnoni, L. Andolfatto, C. Münch-Alligné, F. Avellan

Exploitation scenario towards the optimal control of an energy recovery station
L. Andolfatto, C. Münch-Alligné, F. Avellan

Design of a PM-generator for a micro-hydro turbine
D. Violante, L. Farner, C. Munch, S. Chevailler

New testing infrastructure for small-hydro
V. Hasmatuchi, F. Botero, S. Gabathuler, D. Biner, C. Münch-Alligné

Micro-hydropower in water systems
I. Samora, M. J. Franca, A. J. Schleiss, H. M. Ramos


Task Objectives

Work package 3 focuses on innovative technologies for geoenergies and hydropower

  • Expanding the operating range of hydraulic turbines and pump-turbines
  • Modeling silt erosion in turbine components for large hydro
  • New turbine design for harvesting energy from existing hydraulic Infrastructure fresh water network
  • Uncertainty Quantification for fatigue in turbine blades


Highlights 2015

FP7-Hyperbole – December 2014 to July 2015: 2nd experimental campaign on the EPFL experimental test rig


Duo Turbo- 01.01.2015: Start of the CTI Nr. 17197.1 PFEN-IW project

Duo-turbo Duo-turbo


The SCCER-SoE considers a complete picture of Switzerland’s electricity supply within the context of three integrative activities.

The “Risk Team” (Task 4.1) assigns high priority to the issues of risk, safety, and social acceptability. For instance, they aim to minimize the risk from induced earthquakes in order to ensure that threshold values are not exceeded and damage is avoided.

In the “Global Observatory” (Task 4.2), all relevant electricity production technologies are evaluated and compared as regards their potential, cost, and environmental impact. Energy-economy models are also used to analyze electricity scenarios both on a national and global level.

The “Center for Modeling and Simulation” (Task 4.3) creates new methods and user-friendly software for the virtual development, testing, and optimization of Swiss hydropower and geothermal plants.

Research Partners

Swiss Seismological Service (SED), Institute for Geophysics (IfG) at ETH Zurich, Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering (D-BAUG) at ETH Zurich, Department of Environmental Systems Science (D-USYS) at ETH Zurich, Laboratory of Cryospheric Sciences (CRYOS) at EPF Lausanne, Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI)


Current Projects (click here for download)

Risk Assessment of Hydropower in Switzerland with Focus on Dams
A. Kalinina, M. Spada, P. Burgherr

Accident Risk Assessment for Deep Geothermal Energy Systems
M. Spada, E. Sutra, P. Burgherr

The static behaviour of induced seismicity
A. Mignan

Experimental investigation of induced seismicity in granitic rock on centimeter scale
L. Villiger, C. Madonna, V. Gischig, S. Wiemer

Best practice in risk assessment for induced seismicity as part of the risk governance framework for deep geothermal activities: methodology and application.
M. Broccardo

A compositional model for risk assessment of built environments and civil infrastructure systems from hazard arising from geothermal energy source exploration
M. C. Didier

Understanding the social relevance of risk related to deep geothermal energy
O. Ejderyan, E. Trutnevyte, T. Knoblauch, M. Stauffacher

Swiss Renewable Energy Risk Analysis and Optimization
S. Bartlett, A. Kahl, M. Lehning, B. Kruyt, V. Sharma

Detecting Smaller Earthquakes
M. Herrmann, T. Kraft, S. Wiemer

The Generic Multi-Risk GenMR framework: Part A, From multi-risk analysis to multi-risk governance
A. Mignan, A. Scolobig, N. Komendantova

The Generic Multi-Risk GenMR framework: Part B, Vulnerability of large dams considering hazard interactions
J. P. Matos, A. Mignan, A. J. Schleiss

The Generic Multi-Risk GenMR framework: Part C, Hazard interactions & dynamic risk in Switzerland.
A.J. Manesh, A.Mignan, D. Giardini

Communicating low-probability high-consequence events in deep geothermal energy and hydropower
T. Knoblauch, M. Stauffacher, E. Trutnevyte

Mitigating the Risk of Intermittent Power Sources
B. Kruyt, S. Bartlett, A. Kahl, M. Lehning


Task Objectives

The exploitation of underground energy resources as well as the use and expansion of hydropower, are, like all energy technologies, not risk free. To address this risk, we develop a holistic concept of risk governance and community resilience, advocating a broad picture of risk: not only does it include ‘risk management’ and ‘risk analysis’, it also looks at how risk-related decision-making unfolds when a range of actors is involved. This requires coordination and possibly reconciliation between a profusion of roles, perspectives, goals and activities. Developments include: a rigorous common methodology and a consistent modelling approach to hazard, vulnerability, risk, resilience and societal acceptance assessment of energy technologies; a stress test framework and apply it to assess the vulnerability and resilience of individual critical energy infrastructures, as well as to address the first level of interdependencies among these, from local and regional perspectives; standardized protocols, operational guidelines and software for monitoring strategies, for real-time hazard and risk assessment during all project phases, and for mitigation and related communication strategies.


Interaction Between the Partners – Synthesis

Risk Governance by its very nature is a truly interdisciplinary and integrative activity, with interfaces to science, industry, regulators, and the public / media. The composition of the team reflects these needs, and also requires frequent exchange between the partners as well as to other SCCER-SoE team and beyond. The full group of partners have met every six months for one to two days for exchange, planning, and networking. In addition, bi-lateral and small group meetings are taking place on an almost daily basis, enabled also by the fact that the core team at ETH is located in a central office, together with the SCCER-SoE exploration and modelling teams. We are also meeting on a regular basis with cantonal and industry representatives in order to discuss the application of our R&D for ongoing and future projects.


Highlights 2015

  • A risk governance workflow for induced seismicity risk has been developed and is being implemented.
  • An international workshop on induced seismicity took place in Davos in March 2015, with more than 150 participants (
  • The team contributed substantially to the TA-Swiss study on deep geothermal energy.
  • The team is contributing actively to the permitting process for future geothermal plants in Switzerland by advising industry and cantonal authorities.


Research Partners

Technology Assessment Group, Energy Economics Group at Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Institute of Geophysics (IfG) at ETH Zurich


Current Projects (click here for download)

At the annual conference 2015, seven posters were presented for Task 4.2, which can be assigned to three topical areas:

Energy Perspectives Extension & Update

Costs & potentials of future Swiss electricity supply
C. Bauer, S. Biollaz, P. Burgherr, B. Cox, T. Heck, S. Hirschberg, A. Meier, K. Treyer, W. Schenler, F. Vogel, X. Zhang

A Linked Economic & LCA Model of Geothermal Generation in Switzerland
W. Schenler, K. Treyer, H. Oshikawa, P. Burgherr, S. Hirschberg

Global Observatory: Preliminary Results for Fuel Cell μCHP
B. Cox

Health Effects

Health Effects of Technologies for Power Generation: Contributions from Normal Operation, Severe Accidents and Terrorist, Threat
S. Hirschberg, C. Bauer, P. Burgherr, E. Cazzoli, T. Heck, M. Spada, K. Treyer

Comparative Risk Assessment of Accidents in the Energy Sector using PSI’s ENSAD Database
P. Burgherr, M. Spada, A. Kalinina, S. Hirschberg


Scenario Comparison

Review and Meta-Analysis of Swiss Electricity Scenarios 2050
M. Densing, E. Panos, S. Hirschberg, H. Turton

Review of Global Energy Scenarios
K. Volkart, E. Panos, M. Densing"


Task Objectives

The Global Observatory provides a comprehensive analytical framework for technology characterization and trend identification that can be applied in a consistent manner across a broad portfolio of current and future technologies. In addition to geo-energies and hydropower, a variety of technologies are considered, including new renewables (e.g. solar photovoltaic, solar-thermal, wind onshore and offshore, biomass, geothermal, wave and tidal), fossil energy carriers (with and without CCS), nuclear energy and consideration of co-generation. Its two main objectives are the following:

-    Characterization and sustainability assessment of current and future technologies

-    Evaluation of existing trends, projections, and scenarios


Interaction Between the Partners – Synthesis

The Global Observatory has established links with the various work packages within the SCCCER-SoE to make use of the available expertise in this SCCER. In addition, there are collaborations with several other SCCERs, namely Biosweet (for biomass), Storage, Mobility and Furies. Finally, the involvement of PSI’s Laboratory for Energy Systems Analysis in many different projects ensures that results relevant for the Global Observatory can be easily incorporated.


Highlights 2015

  • The Global Observatory focuses on Switzerland, but also considers European and global scales.
  • Detailed technology characterization forms the basis for a holistic sustainability assessment of electricity generation options.
  • The key challenge is to evaluate the current status and innovation potential of emerging and future highly advanced technologies with regard to their costs, environmental and social performance aspects, resource potentials, and possible future deployment scenarios using energy economic modelling.
  • The developed framework will allow the establishment of a trend-based and partially quantitative comparative perspective on the prospective developments of electricity technologies.
  • Furthermore, a common format of a status report will be established that is published in regular intervals.


Research Partners

École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich (ETHZ), Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts (HSLU), Goethe Center for Scientific Computing (G-CSC) of the Goethe University Frankfurt, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), University of Siegen, University of Leeds, RWTH Aachen University


Current Projects (click here for download)

Discretization and Multigrid Methods for Modeling permeability and stimulation for deep heat mining
C. v. Planta, R. Alessandro, T. Driesner, R. Krause

Modeling Fatigue in Turbine Blades
S. Schmitz, G. Rollmann, R. Krause

Large-scale simulation of pneumatic and hydraulic fracture with a phase-field approach
R. Müller, C, Hesch, K. Weinberg, Rolf Krause


Task Objectives

The modeling facility in Task 4.3 provides state of the art knowledge and techniques from numerical analysis, computational science, HPC, and scientific software engineering. In cooperation with partners from other tasks, the modeling facility aims at improving existing or providing new simulation tools for Hydro- and Geo-Science, which combine robustness and efficiency with HPC capabilities.


Interaction Between the Partners – Synthesis

Task 4.3 is interacting with the tasks of work package 1 and 3. Interaction in the different projects is mostly connected to questions in numeric / scientific computing or on the knowledge exchange between Geo- / Hydro-Science and the modeling facility.


Highlights 2015

  • PhD thesis of J. Steiner on Fluid-Structure Interaction "Coupling Different Discretizations for Fluid Structure Interaction in a Monolithic Approach"
  • Development of first prototypes of software libraries (PASSO and moonolith) for the numerical simulation of coupled multiphysixs problems


Swiss Competence Center for Energy Research – Supply of Electricity (SCCER-SoE)

Ueli Wieland
Sonneggstrasse 5
8092 Zürich

Copyright Cover Pictures
Hydropower (left): Swiss Competence Center for Energy Research – Supply of Electricity (SCCER-SoE)
Deep Geothermal Energy (right): St. Galler Stadtwerke, 2013

September 28, 2015